India is a very fast growing country according to other counties. Now in this article we discuss about what is India’s foreign policy.
Indian constitution has certain principles in Article 51 under the Directive Principles of State Policy which focus on the promotion of International peace and security. Principles in Article 51 are :
(1) Promote international peace and security.
(2) Maintain honorable relations between nations.
(3) Encourage regard for global law and settlement commitments in the dealings of coordinated individuals with each other
(4) Empower settlement of worldwide debates by intervention
Principles of India’s Foreign Policy are
It is also called the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence was signed on 28 April 1954 and since then it has become a guiding principle of India’s bilateral relations. The standards of Panchsheel were joined in the Bandung Declaration, endorsed in the Afro-Asian Conference held in 1955 in Indonesia.
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Panchsheel incorporates the accompanying five standards of international strategy:
(a) Common regard for one another’s regional honesty and power.
(b) Non-aggression against each other.
(c) Non-interference in each other’s internal affairs.
(d) Equality and mutual benefit.
(e) Peaceful co-existence.
(2) Policy of Non-alignment :
Non-alignment is the most important feature of foreign policy. Its center component is to keep up autonomy in international concerns by not joining any military collusion framed by the USA and the Soviet Union. It proposes taking an autonomous remain on global issues as per the benefits of each case, simultaneously not focusing on going under the impact of any military square. India played a lead role in popularizing the Non-Aligned Movement. Under the leadership of Pdt. Jawaharlal Nehru, met the Asian Relations Conference in New Delhi in 1947 to manufacture the possibility of Asian fortitude. Another Asian Relations Conference was assembled by India in 1949 on the topic of the autonomy of Indonesia. The Bandung Conference of 29 nations of Asia and Africa was assembled in Bandung (Indonesia) in 1955 to produce the Afro-Asian unit.The Bandung Conference was a forerunner to the NAM, which held its first Summit in 1961 at Belgrade. The Seventh NAM Summit was hosted by India in 1983. In this Summit, India took up the reason for improvement, demilitarization, and the Palestine issue. So far its 15 Summits have been held, the last one held at Sharm-El-Sheik in 2009. The meeting set down ten major standards of global relations. It gives every one of its individuals a chance to partake in the worldwide dynamic cycle.
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(3) The policy of Anti :
Colonialism, Racism and Imperialism : India has been a victim of colonialism and imperialism and considers these as a threat to international peace and security and its policy is aimed at opposition to all forms of discrimination. India was quick to acquire the issue of Apartheid the UN in 1946. India likewise raised her voice for the freedom of Indonesia and coordinated the Asian Relations Conference for this reason. Because of India’s predictable endeavors through NAM and other global gatherings, 14 African nations were freed from expansionism in 1964. With India’s drive, NAM set up the Africa Fund in 1986 to help the bleeding edge states, which were casualties of hostility in South Africa.
(4) Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes :
The unflinching faith in the peaceful settlement of international disputes is one of the core belief of India’s foreign policy. This rule has been remembered for the Indian Constitution, under the Directive Principles of State Policy. India has played a leading role in the resolution of the Korean conflict and supported negotiated settlement of Palestine, border problems with neighboring countries, and other such disputes. India is always against foreign military intervention for resolving the international problems.
(5) Foreign Economic Aid :
India has a deep respect for the international law and the principles of sovereign equality of nations and non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations. India has played a key role through active participation in UN peacekeeping activities and India has also supported the cause of disarmament pursued by the UN. In order to make the composition of the Security Council more democratic, India has supported the reform of Security Council and other UN agencies.
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