The Defence Acquisition Council approved the construction of six new submarines for Indian Navy under Project-75I at an estimated cost of ₹43,000 crore. It is part of India’s 30 years old submarine building plan which was approved in 2007 and will end in 2030. Under this, India needed to assemble 24 submarines — 18 customary submarines and six atomic controlled New Submarines For Indian Navy . DAC approved the tender to shipbuilder Larsen & Toubro and state-owned Mazagon Docks Limited as the Indian partners for the deal. The Indian Navy will now issue the RFP to them, who would respond to it in partnership with a foreign Original Equipment manufacturer. The Indian companies are free to tie up with any of the foreign OEMs.
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As per the Indian Navy’s requirements, the submarines should be equipped with Air Independent propulsion modules and be able to fire land attack cruise missiles. Under Project 75, six Scorpene Class submarines are already being built in India by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited Mumbai, with collaboration of M/s Naval Group, France. The Ministry of Defence has already shortlisted five foreign vendors: Naval Group of France, Rubin Design Bureau of Russia, Navantia of Spain, ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems of Germany, and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering of South Korea. Formal tender will be issued to domestic shipyards, with the expectation that those companies will then team up with one of the five foreign vendors.
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The six submarines will be built conventional, diesel-electric vessels and are expected to be larger than the Scorpene class. It is expected to be capable of launching torpedoes at sea. It is one of the Largest ‘Make in India’ Projects. It will serve to facilitate more significant absorption of technology and create an industrial ecosystem for submarine construction in India.
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The Cabinet Committee, in June 1999, had approved a 30-year submarine-building plan which included construction of 24 conventional submarines indigenously by 2030. P75I succeeded the P75 under which six diesel-electric attack submarines of the Kalvari class, based on the Scorpene class, were being built at Mazagon Dock Limited. Of the complete 24 submarines to be implicit India, six will be atomic powered. India has only one nuclear submarine, INS Arihant, currently. The INS Arihant, a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, is to be commissioned soon.
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